Fruit Science

Pummelo Cultivation

B.N. – Citrus grandis (syn. Citrus maxima)

Family – Rutaceae

Origin – Malaya

Ch. No – 18

Pummelo is monoembryonic in nature.


  • Pummelo is a tropical plant but can grow in both tropical and subtropical climates.
  • Pumelo can also tolerate heavy rainfall.


  • Well drained, medium in nutrient availability, medium to light soil.


Kae pan – of Thailand




  • Propagation commercially by air layering
  • Strong rootstocks such as jatti khatti and jambiri are commonly used for pummelo.


  • Pits of size 60-75 cm3 are dug at a distance of 6×6 to 8×8 m.
  • Planting is done at the beginning of the monsoon.


  • First irrigation is done just after planting.
  • It should be done at an interval of 10 days in summer and at an interval of 10-15 days in winter.
  • Adequate soil moisture should be maintained during flowering and fruiting stages.

Manure and Fertilizers

  • Generally, fertilizers are given thrice in a year i.e. December-January, June-July, and September-October
  • FYM is given in June-July or September-October.
  • N:P:K – 600 : 400 : 600 g/tree

Training and Pruning

  • Young plants are supported so that they can develop fully.
  • Water sprouts, and weak, crisscrossing branches are cut from time to time.


  • North India – January to March,
  • South India – September – November.


  • 75-100 fruits/tree
  • 20 tons/hectare per year